A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school. In some European countries the term "kindergarten" refers to formal education of children classified as ISCED level 0 – with one or several years of such education being compulsory – before children start primary school at ISCED level 1. Nursery school (UK and US) from 0 months to 5 years old- is a pre-primary educational child care institution which includes Preschool. Preschool education is important and beneficial for any child attending nursery school because it gives the child a head start through social interactions. Owen wanted the children to be given a good moral education so that they would be fit for work. The areas of development that preschool education covers varies. Physical development Some studies dispute the benefits of preschool education, finding that preschool can be detrimental to cognitive and social development. While a majority of American preschool programs remain tuition-based, support for some public funding of early childhood education has grown over the years. Collaborations with area Head Start and other private preschools helped fund a public preschool in one district. Curricula for pre-school children have long been a hotbed for debate. As a result, different cultures make different choices about preschool education. The preschool education in India is not yet recognized well by government. But in other states there is no clear rules about preschool education. Furthermore, within the process of reform, family education and family collaborations cannot be ignored in child development. Early childhood education in China has made dramatic progress since the 1980s. Many researchers have detailed the important issues of early childhood education, especially teacher education. This indicates that kindergarten teachers need to improve their perceptions of children with disabilities. With regard to families' support of their children's early development at home, family education should be focused and the collaborative partnership between kindergarten and family needs to be enhanced. Furthermore, kindergarten teachers should be considered as active researchers in children's role play. Despite the provision of pre-school education being an independent function of a municipality, the Law regulates the pre-school curriculum to be "prepared in compliance with the criteria of pre-school curricula approved by the Minister of Education, Science and Sport, and shall be implemented by pre-school education schools, general education schools, freelance teachers or other education providers" (article 7 part 4). Preschool education is starting in Turkey at the age of 5 while primary level education is starting at the age of 6.
North Korean kindergarten education includes themes common to North Korean propaganda. In general, pre-school is meant to promote development in children through planned programs. Pre-school is defined as: "center-based programs for four-year olds that are fully or partially funded by state education agencies and that are operated in schools or under the direction of state and local education agencies". Pre-schools, both private and school sponsored, are available for children from ages three to five. In the United States, preschool education emphasizes individuality. In the United States, students who may benefit from special education receive services in preschools. Parent education in early childhood education programs
The goal of Head Start and of Early Head Start is to increase the school readiness of young children in low-income families. These programs serve children from birth to age five, pregnant women, and their families. Head Start was started by the Federal Government in 1964 to help meet the needs of disadvantaged pre-school children. All programs fully include children with disabilities Education – The goal of Head Start is to ensure that those children enrolled in the program are ready to begin school. Program Management and Operations – "focus on delivering high-quality child development services to children from low-income families.In the UK, pre-school education in nursery classes or schools has some local government funding for children aged between two and four. Pre-school education can be provided by childcare centres, playgroups, nursery schools and nursery classes within primary schools. Private voluntary or independent (PVI sector) nursery education is also available throughout the UK and varies between structured pre-school education and a service offering child-minding facilities. The curriculum goals of a nursery school are more specific than for childcare but less strenuous than for primary school. In some areas, the provision of nursery school services is on a user pays or limited basis while other governments fund nursery school services.
This year of school is usually called Reception. Physical education (prime area) Now early years education in Wales is provided half-time for children aged 3–4 (Nursery) and full-time for those between the ages of 4 and 5 (Reception). This gives parents the option of two years of funded pre-school education before beginning primary one, the first year of compulsory education. Nursery children who are three years old are referred to as ante-pre-school whilst children who are four years old are termed pre-school.
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